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Volume 52, Number 4, August 2019

Diabetic status and the relationship of blood glucose to mortality in adults with carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii complex bacteremia 


Ching-Hsiang Leung, Chang-Pan Liu


 

Background and purpose: 

Diabetes is associated with increased mortality in Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) complex infection. This study investigated the risk factors and relationship of diabetic status and glycemic indices to mortality in patients with carbapenem-resistant (CR) AB complex bacteremia. 



 

Methods:

Relationship of glycemic indices to mortality were compared in adult diabetes (DM) and nondiabetes (non-DM) patients with CRAB complex bacteremia hospitalized from January 2010 to December 2015 in MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taiwan. 



 

Results:

Of 317 patients with CRAB complex bacteremia, 146 (46.06%) had diabetes. DM patients were elderly (mean age of 69.23 years) and the mortality rate was higher (64.38% vs. 52.05%, p = 0.036) than in non-DM patients. By multivariate analysis, septic shock was associated with increased mortality in DM patients. Hypoglycemia was associated with increased mortality in non-DM patients only (100% vs. 50.33%, p = 0.006). The lowest mortality was for the blood glucose range 70–100 mg/dL in non-DM patients (43.24%) and 100–140 mg/dL for DM patients (56.52%). Increased glycemic variability (coefficient of variation (CV) > 40% compared to < 20%) was associated with increased mortality in non-DM patients (86.36% vs. 47.12%, p = 0.003). 



 

Conclusion:

Effects of dysglycemia on mortality due to CRAB complex bacteremia differ according to diabetic status. Mortality was higher in DM patients. In non-DM patients, hypoglycemia and increased CV were associated with increased mortality. The lowest mortality was for the blood glucose range 70–100 mg/dL in non-DM patients and 100–140 mg/dL for DM patients. 



 

Key words:

Acinetobacter baumannii complexDiabetesGlycemic variability