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Volume 52, Number 2, April 2019

Molecular epidemiology of the emerging ceftriaxone resistant non-typhoidal Salmonella in southern Taiwan 

Chi-Yu Chen, Ping-Hsuan Hsieh, Chung-Yu Chang, Shan-Tzu Yang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Ko Chang, Po-Liang Lu


Background and purpose: 

The increasing trend of ceftriaxone resistant non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) worldwide is of serious concern, however, data is lacked in southern Taiwan. 



Salmonella isolates were collected at a regional hospital in Kaohsiung during 2004–2013. Ceftriaxone resistant NTS isolates were further characterized for beta-lactamases, typed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and their plasmids were analyzed by PCR replicon typing and plasmid mutilocus sequence typing. 



Among 528 NTS isolates, the most common serogroup is serogroup B (44.9%), followed by serogroup D, and serogroup C. Eleven (2.1%) isolates were resistant to ceftriaxone and were distributed in three peak periods (2010, 2011, and 2013). PFGE and MLST revealed the ten serogroup B isolates were of two clones. Beta-lactamase genes were detected in 10 of the 11 isolates, including CMY-2 (5 isolates), TEM-1 (2), CTX-M-14 (1), and 2 isolates carried both TEM-1 and CMY-2. Plasmid incompatibility types were identified in 9 (81.8%) isolates; three were IncI1, three was IncHI2, one was IncFIB and two had both replicons of IncI1 and IncHI2. The only ESBL gene blaCTM-X-14 was found in an isolate with plasmid belonged to IncHI2, which has not been reported in NTS in Taiwan before. Most MLST types and plasmid MLST types of NTS isolates in this study are different from those in northern Taiwan. 



Though clonal spread of ceftriaxone resistant NTS was suggested by PFGE and MLST, plasmid characterization and beta-lactamase detection revealed their plasmid types and beta-lactamase types were different. 


Key words:

Salmonella Ceftriaxone Resistance ESBL Plasmid