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Volume 51, Number 6, December 2018

Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a newly developed tri-component diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine in a murine model 


Dong Ho Huh, Seung Beom Han, Hye Jo Shin, Dong Ho Ahn, Gi Sub Choi, Kyu Ri Kang, Bo Ram Kim, Jin HanKang


 

Background and purpose: 

Although assessing the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of acellular pertussis (aP) vaccines via murine model studies faces limitations, preliminary assessments have been achieved by evaluating respiratory challenge and humoral and cellular immunity. 



 

Methods:

We performed a long-term intranasal respiratory challenge with reference and clinically isolated strains of Bordetella pertussis. Simultaneously, we assessed humoral and cellular immunity for evaluating the immunogenicity of a newly developed tri-component diphtheria-tetanus-aP (DTaP) vaccine. Moreover, comparative assessment was made by performing the same evaluations with a commercially available tri-component DTaP vaccine as the positive control. 



 

Results:

Both groups showed significantly increased levels of antibodies against pertussis toxin, filamentous hemagglutinin and pertactin, and the levels of interferon-γ and interleukin-10 were significantly increased after two doses of vaccination. Furthermore, since cross cell-mediated immune reactivity between the two vaccines was detected, the possibility of interchangeability was indirectly suggested. Although the positive control group showed significantly higher titers in antibody responses for filamentous hemagglutinin and pertactin compared to the experimental group, anti-pertussis toxin antibody titers of the two groups were not significantly different and the protective efficacy against the clinical and reference strains was maintained in both groups for 18 weeks. 



 

Conclusion:

The results showed inferior immunogenicity of the new DTaP vaccine compared to a commercial vaccine despite comparable cellular immunity and protective efficacy. Some efforts are necessary for improving immunogenicity against filamentous hemagglutinin and pertactin before conducting human clinical trials. 



 

Key words:

Diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccineImmunogenicityEfficacyMice