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Volume 51, Number 5, October 2018

Utility of a blood culture time to positivity-incorporated scoring model in predicting vascular infections in adults with nontyphoid Salmonella bacteremia 


Jr-Jiun Lin, Tzu-Hua Weng, Wen-Pin Tseng, Shang-Yu Chen, Chia-Ming Fu, Hui-Wen Lin, Chun-Hsing Liao, Tai-Fen Lee, Po-Ren Hsueh, Shey-Ying Chen


 

Background and purpose: 

Vascular infections (VI) are potentially catastrophic complications of nontyphoid Salmonella (NTS). We aimed to develop a scoring model incorporating information from blood culture time to positivity (TTP-NTSVI) and compared the prediction capability for VI among adults with NTS bacteremia between TTP-NTSVI and a previously published score (Chen-NTSVI). 



 

Methods:

This retrospective cohort study enrolled 217 adults with NTS bacteremia ≧ 50 years old. We developed a TTP-NTSVI score by multiple logistic regression modeling to identify independent predictors for imaging-confirmed VI and assigned a point value weighting by the corresponding natural logarithm of the odds ratio for each model predictor. Chen-NTSVI score includes hypertension, male sex, serogroup C1, coronary arterial disease (CAD) as positive predictors, and malignancy and immunosuppressive therapy as negative predictors. The prediction capability of the two scores was compared by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). 



 

Results:

The mean age was 68.3 ± 11.2 years-old. Serogroup D was the predominant isolate (155/217, 71.4%). Seventeen (7.8%) patients had VI. Four independent predictors for VI were identified: male sex (24.9 [2.59–239.60]; 6) (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]; assigned score point), peripheral arterial occlusive disease (9.41 [2.21–40.02]; 4), CAD (4.0 [1.16–13.86]; 3), and TTP <10 h (4.67 [1.42–15.39]; 3). Youden's index showed best cutoff value of ≧7 with 70.6% sensitivity and 82.5% specificity. TTP-NTSVI score had higher AUC than Chen-NTSVI (0.851 vs 0.741, P = 0.039). 



 

Conclusion:

While the previously reported scoring model performed well, a TTP-incorporated scoring model was associated with improved capability in predicting NTSVI. 



 

Key words:

Nontyphoidal Salmonella, Blood culture, Time to positivity, Vascular infection, Prediction