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Volume 51, Number 3, June 2018

Clonal spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii across a community hospital and its affiliated long-term care facilities: A cross sectional study
 


Chang-Hua Chen, Han-Yueh Kuo, Po-Jui Hsu, Chien-Min Chang, Jiann-Yuan Chen, Henry Horng-Shing Lu, Hsin-Yao Chen, Ming-Li Liou


 

Corresponding author:

Affiliations
Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, Yuanpei University, Hsin-Chu City, Taiwan
Correspondence
Corresponding author. Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Biotechnology, Yuanpei University, No. 306, Yuanpei Street, Hsin-Chu, 30015, Taiwan. Fax: +886 3 5308630. 



 

Background and purpose: 

The global spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is now a public health problem. In Taiwan, the relationship of the CRAB circulation between long-term care facilities (LTCFs) and acute care hospitals remains unclear. Here, we use molecular epidemiologic methods to describe the transmission of CRAB isolates between a community hospital and its affiliated LTCFs. 



 

Methods:

Subjects localized in eight LTCFs who were not admitted acute care hospitals in recent a year were enrolled in this study. CRAB isolates were collected during June 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015. DNA fingerprinting was performed by repetitive extragenic palindromic sequence-based polymerase chain reaction (Rep-PCR) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Multiplex-PCR amplification for the detection of blaOXA genes and beta-lactamase genes was performed. 



 

Results:

Twenty one subjects were enrolled. The major hospital admission diagnoses among the 21 subjects were pneumonia (71.4%). Genotyping of CRAB isolates by Rep-PCR revealed that a major clone, designated as type III, comprised fifteen of 21 (71.4%) isolates taken from 5 LTCFs and one study hospital. The isolates with type III were subtyped by PubMLST into 4 ST types. The most prevalent blaOXA genes in these isolates were blaOXA-23-like (85.70%, 18/21). Twenty isolates carried blaSHV. 



 

Conclusion:

Clonal spread of blaOxA-23-carrying CRABs was found around LTCFs and the affiliated hospital. In Taiwan, it is important for the government to focus attention on the importance of identifying and tracing CRAB infections in LTCFs. 



 

Key words:

Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, A community hospital, Long-term care facilities