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Volume 51, Number 1, February 2018

Regulatory elements of stx2 gene and the expression level of Shiga-like toxin 2 in Escherichia coli O157:H7 

I Wayan Suardana, Komang Januartha Putra Pinatih, Dyah Ayu Widiasih, Wayan Tunas Artama, Widya Asmara, Budi Setiadi Daryono


Background and purpose: 

Shiga-like toxin (Stx) is an important factor in the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection and is responsible for some severe complications. Stx2 is usually associated with hemolytic uremic syndrome in humans. Its expression is regulated by elements located upstream of the stx2 gene, including stx2-promoter sequence, ribosome binding site, and the antiterminator q gene. The present study aimed to find the correlation between regulatory elements and the expression level of Stx2 in two local isolates of E. coli O157:H7. 



Two local E. coli O157:H7 strains SM-25(1) and KL-48(2), originating from human and cattle feces, respectively, and an E. coli reference strain, ATCC 43894, were investigated. The complete stx2 gene covering the sequences of promoter, ribosome binding site, and open reading frame and q gene of each strain was analyzed. The magnitude of Stx2 production was detected with a reverse passive latex agglutination method and Stx mediated cellular damage was determined with the Vero cell assay. 



A comparison of the complete stx2 gene contained stx2-promoter, ribosome binding site, and q genes of two local strains KL-48(2) and SM25(1), and the E. coli ATCC 43894 showed that the amino acid sequences were identical. Both local isolates were Stx negative in the reverse passive latex agglutination test and nontoxic in the Vero cell assay. 



The expression level of Shiga-like toxin of the two local isolates of E. coli O157:H7 did not only depend on the regulatory elements of the stx2 gene. 


Key words:

Escherichia coli O157:H7, promoter, q gene, ribosome binding site, Shiga-like toxin titer