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Volume 50, Number 5, October 2017

The association of molecular typing, vancomycin MIC, and clinical outcome for patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections

Cheng-Pin Chen, Meei-Fang Liu, Chin-Fu Lin, Shih-Pin Lin, Zhi-Yuan Shi


Corresponding author:

Zhi-Yuan Shi, Corresponding author. Section of Infectious Diseases, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Number 1650, Section 4, Taiwan Boulevard, Taichung 40705, Taiwan. 


Background and purpose: 

There are reports of an increase in vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) over time, a phenomenon referred to as “MIC creep”, but some studies have conflicting results. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of molecular typing, vancomycin MIC, and clinical outcome for patients with MRSA infections.



Thirty-two MRSA isolates from Taichung Veterans General Hospital (TCVGH), Taichung, Taiwan during the period of 2003 to 2008 were analyzed for the association of sequence typing, vancomycin MIC, and the correlated clinical outcome for patients with MRSA infections. The vancomycin MICs of 28 additional isolates from 2014 were used for the detection of MIC creep.



Among the genotypes of 32 isolates, there were 17 (53.1%) isolates with ST239-SCCmecIII, seven (21.9%) isolates with ST5-SCCmecII, six (18.8%) isolates with ST59-SCCmecIV, and two (6.2%) isolates with ST59-SCCmecVT. Two isolates had an MIC of 2 μg/mL and were identified as ST239-SCCmecIII. No statistically significant change in the distribution of MICs of all isolates was observed between 2003 and 2014 (p = 0.263). There was no significant difference in the mortality rates between two groups of patients with vancomycin MICs < 2 μg/mL and ≥ 2 μg/mL (p = > 0.99). 



There was no vancomycin MIC creep in the period from 2003 to 2014 in this study. Appropriate prognostic models for assessment of the association among sequence types, vancomycin MICs, and clinical outcome warrant further investigation. 


Key words:

clinical outcomes, sequence type, Staphylococcus aureus