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Volume 50, Number 4, August 2017

Vancomycin dosing and target attainment in children 


David Hwang, Nan-Chang Chiu, Lung Chang, Chun-Chih Peng, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Fu-Yuan Huang, Hsin Chi


 

Corresponding author:

Hsin Chi, Corresponding author. Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital, 92, Section 2, Zhongshan North Road, Taipei 10449, Taiwan. 



 

Background and purpose: 

The aim of this study is to determine the best dosing strategy for vancomycin by studying the associated factors and examining correlations between the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) values and trough concentrations in children. 



 

Methods:

Children aged 3 months to 18 years were included if they received vancomycin for more than three doses between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2012 and had one or more serum vancomycin trough concentrations. Vancomycin clearance (CL) was calculated using the following model: CL = 0.248*Wt0.75*(0.48/serum creatinine)0.361*[ln (age)/7.8]0.995. The AUC (mg-h/L) was calculated by 24-hour dose (mg/kg/d)/CL(L/h). The value of AUC divided by the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of vancomycin was AUC/MIC. 



 

Results:

A total of 218 children were included. The mean age was 6.0 ± 5.1 years and the mean body weight was 20 ± 11.7 kg. Vancomycin trough concentrations were moderately correlated with AUC values (r2 = 0.232, p < 0.01). Dosing of 15 mg/kg/dose q6h produced significantly higher AUC values (p < 0.001) and vancomycin trough concentrations (p < 0.001) compared to dosing of 10 mg/kg/dose q6h. In children receiving a 10-mg/kg/dose q6h, 5.6% (5/90) achieved the target trough concentrations of 15–20 μg/mL and 9.5% (5/90) achieved the goal AUC/MIC ≥ 400. In children receiving a 15-mg/kg/dose q6h, 13% (6/46) achieved the target trough concentrations of 15–20 μg/mL, whereas 54.3% (25/46) achieved the goal AUC/MIC ≥ 400. 



 

Conclusion:

A 15-mg/kg/dose q6h compared to a 10-mg/kg/dose q6h is more likely to achieve target trough concentrations of 15–20 μg/mL and the goal AUC/MIC ≥ 400. 



 

Key words:

area under curve, children, trough concentration, vancomycin