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Volume 48, Number 6, December 2015

Coinfection of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia and pulmonary tuberculosis in a non-HIV-infected patient 

Chi-Won Suk, Kuan-Jen Bai, Ming-Chih Yu, Ting-Yu Hu

Received: August 26, 2014       Accepted: May 29, 2014   


Corresponding author:

Ting-Yu Hu
Corresponding author. Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Wan Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Number 111, Section 3, Hsing-Long Road, Taipei 116, Taiwan. 


Background and purpose: 

We fervently read the article by Li et al1 in the Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection, in which the authors reported that Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) diagnosed late in nonhuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected populations has poor outcomes. The incidence rate of PJP in non-HIV-infected populations is uncertain because PJP is difficult to diagnose. In this paper, we report a non-HIV-infected patient admitted to an intensive care unit who was diagnosed as having a PJP and pulmonary tuberculosis coinfection.