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Volume 48, Number 6, December 2015

Emergence in Taiwan of novel imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii ST455 causing bloodstream infection in critical patients 


Hao-Yuan Lee, Chih-Wei Huang, Chyi-Liang Chen, Yi-Hsin Wang, Chee-Jen Chang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu


Received: October 24, 2014    Revised: February 12, 2015    Accepted: March 23, 2015   

 

Corresponding author:

Cheng-Hsun Chiu
Correspondence
Corresponding author. Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Children's Hospital, Number 5, Fu-Hsin Street, Kweishan 333, Taoyuan, Taiwan. 



 

Background and purpose: 

Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important nosocomial pathogens worldwide. This study aimed to use multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for the epidemiological surveillance of A. baumannii isolates in Taiwan and analyze the clinical presentations and patients' outcome.
 



 

Methods:

MLST according to both Bartual's PubMLST and Pasteur's MLST schemes was applied to characterize bloodstream imipenem-resistant A. baumannii (IRAB) infection in intensive care units in a medical center. A total of 39 clinical IRAB bloodstream isolates in 2010 were enrolled. We also collected 13 imipenem-susceptible A. baumannii (ISAB) bloodstream isolates and 30 clinical sputum isolates (24 IRAB and 6 ISAB) for comparison. Clinical presentations and outcome of the patients were analyzed. 



 

Results:

We found that infection by ST455B/ST2P and inappropriate initial therapy were statistically significant risk factors for mortality. More than one-third of the IRAB isolates belonged to ST455B/ST2P. Most ST455B/ST2P (80%) carried ISAba1–blaOXA-23, including 10 (66.7%) with Tn2006 (ISAba1–blaOXA-23–ISAba1) in an AbaR4-type resistance island. ST455B/ST2P appears to evolve from ST208B/ST2P of clonal complex (CC) 92B/CC2P. In this hospital-based study, A. baumannii ST455 accounted for 38.5% of IRAB bacteremia, with a high mortality of 86.7%. Approximately 85% of ST455B/ST2Pbacteremia had a primary source of ventilation-associated pneumonia. 



 

Conclusion:

We report the emergence in Taiwan of IRAB ST455B/ST2P, which is the current predominant clone of IRAB in our hospital and has been causing bacteremia with high mortality in critical patients. 



 

Key words:

Acinetobacter baumannii, bacteremia, imipenem resistance, mortality, sequence type