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Volume 48, Number 5, October 2015

Empyema thoracis due to Nocardia otitidiscaviarum 

Chung-Hao Huang, Po-Ren Hsueh, Yen-Hsu Chen

Received: April 3, 2014       Accepted: July 24, 2014   


Corresponding author:

Yen-Hsu Chen, Corresponding author. Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University, Number 100, Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan. 


Background and purpose: 

We read with interest the article on pulmonary nocardiosis in southern Taiwan by Chen et al.1 In their study, eight of the 20 patients with pulmonary nocardiosis had pleural effusion and three of these patients had empyema thoraces. Among these three nocardial empyema cases, the authors reported a 61-year-old man with diabetes mellitus and chronic liver disease suffering from an acute course of empyema caused by Nocardia otitidiscaviarum.1 N. otitidiscaviarum is a rare pathogen among nocardial infections and pulmonary nocardiosis.