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Volume 47, Number 5, October 2014

Development and evaluation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid detection and differentiation of two genotypes of porcine circovirus type 2 

Chun Wang, Victor Fei Pang, Fan Lee, Pei-Chih Liao, Yu-Liang Huang, Yeou-Liang Lin, Shiow-Suey Lai, Chian-Ren Jeng

Received: December 25, 2012    Revised: April 19, 2013    Accepted: May 8, 2013   


Background and purpose: 

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is one of the major swine viral diseases and has caused significant economic loss to pig producers. PCV2 has been divided into two major genotypes: PCV2a, PCV2b. A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method was developed for the detection and differentiation of PCV2a and PCV2b in clinical samples. 



LAMP-specific primer sets were designed based on six PCV2a and six PCV2b reference isolates. To determine the analytical specificity of LAMP, DNA samples extracted from 36 porcine virus isolates were tested by LAMP, including eight PCV2a, 11 PCV2b, four PCV type 1, two porcine parvovirus, three pseudorabies virus, and eight porcine reproductive and respiratory virus. To evaluate the analytical sensitivity of the assay, 10-fold serial dilutions of PCV2a and PCV2b recombinant plasmids were performed to prepare the dilutions at concentration from 106 to 1 copy(ies)/μL, and each dilution was tested by both LAMP and nested polymerase chain reaction (nested PCR). A total of 168 clinical samples were analyzed by both LAMP and nested PCR, and the relative sensitivity and specificity of LAMP compared to nested PCR were calculated. 



Using different primer sets of LAMP, LAMP could be completed within 50 minutes. This method was found to be highly analytically specific for PCV2a and PCV2b; only the target gene was detected without cross-reaction. The analytical sensitivity of LAMP for PCV2a and PCV2b were 10 copies/μL, demonstrating analytical sensitivity comparable to that obtained using nested PCR. In addition, the sensitivity and specificity of LAMP relative to those of nested PCR were 97.7% and 100.0%, respectively. The percentage of observed agreement was 98.2%, and the κ statistic was 0.949.



LAMP is a rapid, specific, and sensitive diagnostic method for the detection and differentiation of PCV2a and PCV2b in clinical samples. 


Key words:

Loop-mediated isothermal amplification, Nested polymerase chain reaction, Porcine circovirus type 2, Sensitivity, Specificity