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Volume 46, Number 4, August 2013

Resistance profiles and rpoB gene mutations of Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates in Taiwan 


Yun-Ho Lin, Chun-Hsi Tai, Chia-Ru Li, Chin-Fu Lin, Zhi-Yuan Shi


Received: April 30, 2011       Accepted: June 19, 2012   

 

Background and purpose: 

The rifampicin resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is caused by mutations in the 81-base pair region of the rpoB gene encoding the b-subunit of RNA polymerase. Sequences of the rpoB gene of 68 isolates were analyzed to identify the mutations and to compare the mutations with their related susceptibilities. 



 

Methods:

Susceptibility tests of 68 M. tuberculosis isolates, collected in Taiwan during the period from1999 to 2011, were performed by the modified agar proportion method according to Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute recommendations. Sequences of the rpoB gene and the resistance profiles were analyzed and compared with the data fromdifferent geographic regions. 



 

Results:

Seven alleles were identified. Among 47 isolates of allele 1 (without mutations of rpoB), 46 were rifampicin-susceptible. The other 21 isolates (alleles 2 to 7, with mutations of rpoB) were rifampicin-resistant, including 18 isolates that were multidrug-resistant. Five mutated alleles demonstrated a single mutation. The mutations occurred in the codons 531 (68.2%), 513 (9.1%), 533 (9.1%), 516 (4.5%), and 526 (4.5%). The sensitivity and specificity of rpoB mutations for predicting the rifampicin-resistance of M. tuberculosis were 95.5% and 100%, respectively. 



 

Conclusion:

The most prevalent mutations of the rpoB gene were missense mutations in the critical codons, encoding Ser-531, Gln-513, Leu-533, Asp-516, and His-526. These mutations had high sensitivity and specificity for predicting the rifampicin-resistance of M. tuberculosis isolates. The resistance profiles and the frequencies of mutated codons of the rpoB gene varied in different geographic regions, indicating that resistance evolved under the selective pressure of the therapeutic regimens and the spread of different genetic clones. 



 

Key words:

Mycobacterium tuberculosis; Resistance profiles; rpoB