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Volume 45, Number 2, April 2012

Amino acid substitutions of quinolone resistance determining regions in GyrA and ParC associated with quinolone resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii and Acinetobacter genomic species 13TU

Yen-Hung Liu, Shu-Chen Kuo, Yi-Tzu Lee, Ian C.Y. Chang, Su-Pen Yang, Te-Li Chen*, Chang-Phone Fung

Received: April 30, 2011    Revised: July 1, 2011    Accepted: July 14, 2011   


Corresponding author:

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Number 201, Section 2, Shih-Pai Road, Taipei 11217, Taiwan.
E-mail address: (T.-L. Chen).


Background and purpose: 

Amino acid substitutions in GyrA and ParC are associated with resistance to quinolones in Acinetobacter baumannii (A baumannii), but this association is rarely elucidated in Acinetobacter genomic species (AGS) 13TU. This study aims to compare the association of amino acid substitutions in GyrA and ParC with quinolone resistance in A baumannii and AGS 13TU in Taiwan.



Eleven representative strains of A baumannii and 13 strains of AGS 13TU were selected from 402 bacteremic isolates. The sequences of quinolone resistance determining regions of gyrA and parC were determined. Minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and moxifloxacin were determined by agar dilution method.



Ser83Leu substitution in GyrA in A baumannii (one strain) was associated with resistance to all tested quinolones. This substitution plus a Ser80Leu or Ser80Tyr in ParC in A baumannii (four strains) and AGS 13TU (two strains) were associated with higher MICs of all quinolones. All but one quinolone MICs of A baumannii (one strain) and AGS 13TU (two strains) carrying a single substitution Ser56Asn in ParC remained in the susceptibility breakpoint. The Ser83Leu substitution in GyrA, even with additional Ser56Asn substitution in ParC, was associated with resistance to only nalidixic acid, but not other newer quinolones in AGS 13TU (two strains).



A baumannii and AGS 13TU possessed similar quinolone resistance associated with amino acid  substitutions in GyrA and ParC. Further study with more strains is needed to determine whether a single Ser83Leu substitution in GyrA was associated with a high level of quinolone MIC only in A baumannii, but not in AGS 13TU.


Key words:

Acinetobacter; GyrA; ParC; Quinolone resistance determining regions