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Volume 44, Number 6, December 2011

 A case of hemorrhagic colitis after influenza A infection


Seiji Okayama, Shoichi Arakawa, Kenji Ogawa, Tsunehisa Makino


Received: April 20, 2010    Revised: July 14, 2010    Accepted: August 23, 2010   

 

Corresponding author:

 

  • Division of Internal Medicine, Toubu Hospital, Gotemba, Shizuoka, Japan
  • Corresponding Author InformationCorresponding author. Division of Internal Medicine, Toubu Hospital, 1180-2, Gumisawa, Gotemba, Shizuoka 412-0041, Japan.


 

Background and purpose: 

 The pandemic (H1N1) influenza virus continues to be the predominant circulating virus in both the northern and southern hemispheres. In February 2009, during the early stage of the worldwide H1N1 influenza virus (influenza A) pandemic, we experienced a case of hemorrhagic colitis after infection with influenza A. A 21-year-old man with no serious disease in his past history visited our hospital with chief complaints of a high body temperature and pharyngeal pain. A diagnosis of influenza A was made using a rapid diagnosis kit (Capilia Flu A+B), and the patient was admitted to our hospital. After admission, the patient complained of a lower abdominal pain, diarrhea, and hematochezia. An emergency colonoscopy revealed active bleeding colitis from the sigmoid to descending colon. Hemorrhagic colitis was confirmed by the pathological findings of a punch biopsy specimen. After the administration of an antiviral drug, zanamivir hydrate (10mg/d), the patient’s general condition and colonoscopic findings improved significantly. The findings of both sequential colonoscopies and intestinal histology strongly suggested that infection with influenza A could induce hemorrhagic colitis, though the incidence is quite low.



 

Key words:

 Hemorrhagic colitisInfluenza AZanamivir hydrate