Wen-Mein Wu, Bor-Luen Chiang, Shih-Chen Chang, Bi-Fong Lin
Department of Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, Taipei, ROC
To further elucidate the effect of different dietary fats on the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, five groups of New Zealand black/white (NZB/W) F1 mice were fed diets containing 200 g of different dietary fats including palm oil, lard-soybean oil (1:1, w/w), soybean oil, canola oil or fish oil. Serum levels of anti-DNA antibodies, proteinuria were followed every month and life span of the mice was determined. After 5 months of the respective diets, mice were killed at the age of 7 months and phenotypic analysis of splenic cells and peritoneal resident cells was performed. The pattern of production of cytokines in splenic T-cells was also investigated. The peritoneal resident cells were isolated for measurement of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels. Significantly lower immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) and anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) antibody levels were associated with less severe proteinuria and prolonged life span in mice fed dietary fish oil compared to mice fed other dietary oils. Phenotypic analysis of spleen cells showed increased CD8+ T-cells in the mice fed dietary fish oil compared to mice of the other dietary groups, and the percentage of natural killer (NK) cells in the mice fed dietary fish oil was also higher compared to the other dietary groups. The peritoneal resident cells produced lower PGE2 in mice fed fish oil compared to mice in the other dietary groups. To further investigate the effect of fish oil on autoreactive T-cells, splenic T-cells purified using a nylon wool column were stimulated with non-T-cells of young NZB/W F1 mice. Our data suggest that the anti-DNA antibody augmentation ability of T-cells in mice fed dietary fish oil was significantly decreased compared to mice in the other dietary groups. These data indicate that dietary fish oil might maintain the existence of CD8+ T-cells, decrease autoreactive T-cell activity and alleviate subsequent autoimmune processes in autoimmune prone NZB/W F1 mice.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2001;34:41-49.