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Volume 35, Number 2, June 2002

Infected cephalohematoma associated with sepsis and scalp cellulitis: a case report

Hueng-Chuen Fan, Yi-Ming Hua, Chun-Jung Juan, Yu-Mieng Fang, Shin-Nan Cheng, Chih-Chien Wang
Department of Pediatrics, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC



Infected cephalohematoma is rarely complicated by sepsis. We report a case of an infected cephalohematoma caused by Escherichia coli sepsis in an otherwise healthy neonate. Skull X-ray revealed soft tissue swelling over parieto-temporal region but no osteolytic lesion. 99mTc bone scan showed scalp cellulitis. Blood culture and scalp wound culture identified E. coli. Treatment with surgical incision and drainage and administration of antibiotics resulted in prompt improvement. The relationship of scalp cellulitis, infected cephalohematoma, and sepsis are discussed.



J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2002;35:125-128.