Woon P Koh, Mark B Taylor, Sucok K Chew, Meng C Phoon, Kim L Kang, Vincent TK Chow
Department of Community, Occupational and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore
There is still substantial uncertainty concerning the association between Chlamydia pneumoniae and ischemic heart disease. This may partly be explained by the adjustment for potential confounders in different population studies. This is the first study in Singapore to look at the association of C. pneumoniae seropositivity with ischemic heart disease in a multivariate analysis. A random sample of 714 persons aged between 35 and 69 years was selected from the participants of the Singapore National Health Survey conducted in 1998. Data on clinical measurements and conditions were collected using biochemical tests and interviewer-based questionnaires. Ischemic heart disease was defined by the Rose questionnaire and included history suggestive of angina and/or myocardial infarction. Immunoglobulin G antibodies for C. pneumoniae were detected using an indirect microimmunofluorescence test, and seropositivity was defined as IgG titers > or = 1:16. There were no statistically significant differences in the prevalence rates of seropositivity to C. pneumoniae among the three ethnic groups, that is, Chinese (80.4%), Malays (74.0%), and Asian Indians (73.2%). There was no association between seropositivity and ischemic heart disease after adjustment for age alone (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.54-1.83) or for age, sex, and other risk factors of atherosclerosis (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.53-1.84). C. pneumoniae Immunoglobulin G seropositivity was not associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease as defined by the Rose angina questionnaire in Singapore.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2003;36:169-174.