Influenza in Taiwan: seasonality and vaccine strain match
Yu-Chia Hsieh, Hour-Young Chen, Jer-Jea Yen, Ding-Ping Liu, Luan-Yin Chang, Chun-Yi Lu, Pei-Lan Shao, Chin-Yun Lee, Li-Min Huang
Section of Infection, Department of Medicine, Wan-Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei; Center for Research and Diagnostics, and Immunization Division, Center of Disease Control, Taipei; and Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
Received: July 1, 2005 Revised: July 7, 2005 Accepted: July 13, 2005
This article explores seasonality, epidemiology and dominant epidemic strains of influenza in Taiwan. Surveillance in Taiwan demonstrates that influenza is a disease which occurs throughout the year but has peak activity in winter. Due to the high mutability of influenza virus, effective vaccination is the best strategy for protection. Although the World Health Organization-recommended vaccine compositions usually matched with around 77% of circulating strains worldwide, the rate of matching in Taiwan has been markedly lower than this. Between 1997 and 2004 in Taiwan, the match rates were 82% for H1N1, 53% for H3N2, and 47% for influenza B virus. Furthermore, some world epidemic strains appeared earlier in Taiwan than in other countries. In view of Taiwan's proximity to southern China, which is thought to be the epicenter of influenza epidemics, vigilant surveillance and the development of regional strategies for the selection and manufacture of vaccine strains to improve influenza prevention are urgent requirements.
Disease outbreaks, epidemiology, influenza, influenza vaccines, review
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2005;38:238-243.