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Volume 33, Number 3, September 2000

Rotavirus gastroenteritis in children: 5-year experience in a medical center


Ting-Fang Chiu, Chun-Nan Lee, Ping-Ing Lee, Chuan-Liang Kao, Hsiao-Chuan Lin, Chun-Yi Lu, Hsin-Yi Tseng, Hwei-Ling Hsu, Chin-Yun Lee, Li-Min Huang
Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, ROC

 

Methods:

Rotavirus infection is the leading cause of childhood gastroenteritis. We retrospectively reviewed cases of rotavirus gastroenteritis at National Taiwan University Hospital from January 1993 to December 1997. During the study period there were 429 patients with rotavirus infection with ages ranging from 1 day to 16 years with a median of 13 months. The male-to-female ratio was 1.2:1. Infection occurred before the age of 2 years old in 76% of patients. The seasonal peak occurred in the late winter and early spring during 1993 to 1996, but the case number increased in late spring and summer in 1997. The G serotype of the rotavirus was identified in 302 patients (70%). Vomiting and dehydration developed more frequently following infection with G1 rotaviruses, while an increased frequency of seizures was noted following G2 infection; the differences were not statistically significant. One patient had two episodes of infection; the first one was caused by G1 rotavirus, and the strain causing the second infection could not be typed. In conclusion, the results suggest that there is a strong seasonal variation in the incidence and characteristics of rotavirus infection in Taipei area. The infections caused by G1 and G2 rotaviruses were clinically indistinguishable.
 



 

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2000;33:181-186.