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Volume 33, Number 3, September 2000

Invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae infections of children in central Taiwan


Jui-Shan Ma, Po-Yen Chen, Ching-Shiang Chi, Jen-Fu Lin, Yeu-Jun Lau
Department of Pediatrics, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, ROC

 

Methods:

We carried out a retrospective study on childhood invasive pneumococcal infections (IPI) diagnosed from the January 1990 through the April 2000 at a medical center in central Taiwan. Their clinical features, outcome of the patients and the resistance patterns of the isolates were analyzed. A total of 95 clinical isolates from 72 patients younger than 14 years of age were included in this study. Of these 72 patients, 51 had bacteremia, 28 meningitis, 14 bacteremic pneumonia, 12 pleural empyema, eight otitis media, four arthritis, three sinusitis, two periorbital abscesses, one deep neck infection, one psoas muscle abscess, one peritonitis, one urinary tract infection, and one cutaneous infection. Ancillary diagnostic tests, including Gram stain smears and latex agglutination tests, were applied and the sensitivities were 86.2% and 54.3%, respectively. The prevalence rate of penicillin nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae has increased dramatically since 1995 in central Taiwan, with rates of 5.6% and 74.1% before and after 1995, and the overall mortality rate was 20.8% and 53.3% respectively. Ten of 19 children (52.6%) with pneumococcal meningitis who survived had long-term sequelae.



 

J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2000;33:169-175.