Shih-Hwa Chiou, Cheng-Yi Liu, Wen-Ming Hsu, Yu-Jiun Chan, Ching-Kuang Chou, Yu-Mei Chung, Jorn-Hon Liu, Wu-Tse Liu, Shou-Chien Chen, Wing-Wai Wong
Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, and National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan, ROC
Ocular manifestations have been reported in up to 60% of individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States, and it is becoming increasing apparent that these ocular manifestations almost invariably reflect extent of progression of the disease. The prevalence of ocular abnormalities among acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients in Taiwan has not been reported. In the present study, we examined and followed up the ophthalmic conditions of a total of 274 HIV-infected patients during the period from March 1993 to May 1999. The results show that cotton-wool spots was the most common ocular finding in this series of patients with AIDS, occurring in 22 (32.8%) of 67 AIDS patients. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis was the most commonly seen opportunistic ocular infection, occurring in 14 (20.8%) of 67 AIDS patients. These findings suggest that AIDS patients should be closely followed for signs of opportunistic ocular disease which may initially be asymptomatic. Close co-operation between the ophthalmologist and the internist is essential to ensure timely therapeutic intervention, which can decrease the risk of further complications including visual impairment and blindness.
J Microbiol Immunol Infect 2000;33:45-48.