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Volume 41, Number 5, October 2008

Development of blocking ELISA for detection of antibodies against avian influenza virus of the H7 subtype


Jui-Hung Shien, Lin-Fan Fu, Jin-Ru Wu, Min-Chu Cheng, Happy K Shieh, Poa-Chun Chang
Department of Veterinary Medicine and Graduate Institute of Veterinary Microbiology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung; and Animal Health Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Taipei, Taiwan

Received: July 28, 2007    Revised: October 16, 2007    Accepted: November 7, 2007   

 

Corresponding author:

Poa-Chun Chang, Graduate Institute of Veterinary Microbiology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan. E-mail: Poa-Chun Chang This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it

 



 

Background and purpose: 

The conventional method used for subtyping of antibodies against avian influenza viruses is hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. However, the HI test is laborious and requires preparation of antigen from viable viruses that might be hazardous. The aim of this study was to develop a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (B-ELISA) for detection of antibody of avian influenza of the H7 subtype. The B-ELISA is fast and avoids the need to culture whole viruses.
 



 

Methods:

The B-ELISA was based on the reaction between a monoclonal antibody and a recombinant hemagglutinin protein purified from Escherichia coli. The specificity of the B-ELISA was determined by testing H7-negative field sera and the sensitivity of the B-ELISA was determined by testing sera collected from experimentally immunized chickens.
 



 

Results:

The specificity of the B-ELISA was found to be 97.7% when compared with the HI test. The sensitivity was found to vary with the HI titer of sera. A sensitivity of 100% was achieved when test sera had HI titers ≥27. The sensitivity dropped to 33% and 20% when test sera had HI titers of 26 and 25, respectively. Nearly all test sera with HI titers ≤24 were scored negative by the B-ELISA



 

Conclusion:

The B-ELISA might serve as a useful tool for detection of H7-specific antibodies, with the added advantage that the recombinant hemagglutinin antigen could be produced in E. coli in large quantities, without handling the whole virus.

 



 

Key words:

Antibodies, viral; Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; Influenza in birds; Sensitivity and specificity

 



 

J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2008;41:369-376.